Exercise 5.3

In Henri Cartier-Bresson’s Behind the Gare Saint-Lazare (http://100photos.time.com/photos/henri-cartier-bresson-behind-gare-saint-lazare  if there is a pivotal point in the image, I would say it is the tiny gap between the heel of the leaping figure, and the reflection of their heel, in the water below them.

While there are many other elements to the image, stories being told, questions being asked …‘Who is the other figure and what is he doing?’ ‘What is the time on the clock?’ ‘Why is this area flooded?’ ‘Why is it fenced off?’ ‘What is being built/demolished?’ …The gap, between heel and reflected heel asks the biggest question of all.

What is the world like, in this moment, before this heel joins with its reflection, and what will it be like a moment from now? It is a clear and obvious moment of transition. Something will change and be other than how it was.

The information in this image… the story, if you like, is fairly self-evident to the viewer. This is not always the case with photographs.

Rinko Kawauchi’s untitled image from the cover of  Iluminance https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2011/dec/07/deutsche-borse-prize-photography-2012 contains information… There is a rose, it is brightly lit and over-exposed. There may or may not be other flowers in the background. The overall colour of the scene is a rich deep red.  If there is a story here, though, it is not self-evident, so if we want one, we must make it up ourselves.

Is there a pivotal point? Certainly the rose is the object that draws my eye back to it, but it tells me nothing, other than that it is there. Much is suggested… light is bright, but is it natural, or artificial? Is it there by chance, or placed deliberately by the photographer? What object is creating that green ‘bokeh ball’ on the right? Is it in the sky, like the moon, or something closer?

(Word Count: 316)


Exercise 5.2

My choice of photograph to respond to is this one, from David Levinthal’s Wild West, 1986 – 1988 series.


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Untitled. Levinthal (1986-88) AT: http://www.davidlevinthal.com/artwork/ww-86-88.html (Accessed 25/05/2017)

Here is my response to this photo.


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Levinthal’s photo depicts a ‘cowboy’ and a native american, in mortal combat. Most of the image is out of focus, with dark red atmospheric lighting. If there is a focal point, it is the tomahawk… a potentially deadly factor in the struggle. It is slightly more in focus than much of the image, and the danger that it represents adds an element of fear and desperation to the scene. The shallow depth of field and unfocused nature of the shot disguise the fact that these are merely toy figures

The scene is reminiscent of those seen in early western movies, while the colour and unfocused nature of the image remind me of  picture stories in ‘Boys Own’ type comics my father used to read in the 40s and 50s.

As a response to Levinthal’s photo, I have used two poseable figures from a Spider-Man 2 souvenir pack, to create a scene that would not seem out of place in the film itself.

Like Levinthal, I have used a shallow depth of field to obscure the fact that these are simply toys, and to remove all detail from the background (a photo of a night time cityscape displaying on my PC monitor).

Lighting was very simple… I held a small lamp up and to one side of the figurines as I took the shot, while my PC monitor provided backlighting.

As in Levinthal’s image, the scene is one of potentially mortal combat, and again, there is one aspect that is focused on… one of Doctor Octopus’ clawed tentacles. Like the tomahawk, it is a manufactured object that adds significant danger to the situation. In this image, it perhaps adds a greater sense of alarm to the viewer, as it appears to be reaching out to attack the viewer, rather than a character in the scene.

In terms of context, my image is a response to the ‘original context’ of Levinthal’s photo, as explained by Barrett (1997) ‘that which was physically and psychologically present to the maker at the time the picture was taken…’ (Goldblatt & Brown, 1997:114)

Eakins, Hoff, Simmons, Skoglund (1997:274) describe this ‘original context’ in terms of intent: ‘Levinthal’s aesthetic strategy is to generalize his images so that the audience is forced to reflect on the idea: heroism, struggle, action, catastrophe.’ 

In using a similar methodology, and with a modern take on Levinthal’s classic theme, I feel I have paid a fair homage to Levinthal’s work.



Eakins, Hoff, Simmons, Skoglund (1997) The Photo Book. London: Phaidon. 

Goldblatt, D. Brown, L. (1977) Aesthetics: A Reader in Philosophy of the Arts. New Jersey: Patience-Hall   Excerpt AT http://www.terrybarrettosu.com/pdfs/B_PhotAndCont_97.pdf  [Accessed 25/05/2017]


Exercise 5.1

Use your camera as a measuring device. This doesn’t refer to the distance scale on
the focus ring(!). Rather, find a subject that you have an empathy with and take a
sequence of shots to ‘explore the distance between you’. Add the sequence to your
learning log, indicating which is your ‘select’ – your best shot.
When you review the set to decide upon a ‘select’, don’t evaluate the shots just
according to the idea you had when you took the photographs; instead evaluate
it by what you discover within the frame (you’ve already done this in Exercise 1.4).
In other words, be open to the unexpected. In conversation with the author, the
photographer Alexia Clorinda expressed this idea in the following way:

Look critically at the work you did by including what you didn’t
mean to do. Include the mistake, or your unconscious, or whatever
you want to call it, and analyse it not from the point of view of your
intention, but because it is there.’

Sometimes I find myself frustrated by the exercises in this course, or rather, by the way they are explained… or in fact, not explained. This is one of those cases.

When I read this exercise, my brain just goes “wtf?” I know an aspect of this course is based on not thinking literally, and in interpreting the instructions, but sometimes it just seems like gibberish.

I’ve looked at the work of a few other students, and how they’ve interpreted this exercise, and I find I must be reading it differently.

I think part of what I am struggling with is ‘find a subject that you have an empathy with’ . As a statement, this has no meaning to me…. at all. It’s like trying to explain a colour to someone who was born blind.

As I’ve mentioned previously (and I do try not to labour the point, as it’s not something that defines me as a person) I have a mild form of Asperger’s Syndrome. One aspect of this is a lack of empathy. I can rationalise… try to work out what a person might be thinking in a given situation… but on an instinctive level, I am oblivious to how someone else is feeling at a given time, unless it is overtly written all over their face (by which time I’m probably in trouble) , or if they come right out and say it. (I’m so thankful that my wife understands/accepts this.)

An aspect of this inability to empathise is a sense of isolation. I feel very apart from ‘people’. I like socialising (sometimes), but always feel like a tolerated outsider.

Add to this, fairly ruined eyesight (following vitreous detachments in both eyes, requiring laser surgery to repair a retinal tear in my right eye)… severe tinnitus, and an almost complete loss of smell and taste following a virus… the way I find myself experiencing the world is somewhat detached, to say the least.

So it is from this perspective that I’m approaching the exercise. I needed to find something to represent this sense of detachment and isolation. Something broken.

(This all sounds quite sad, as I read it. I’m not sad, or wanting sympathy. I just experience the world differently.)

A search of the local area on google Earth reminded me of something I spotted a year or so ago in Creswell, by chance, while researching for an Open University design course. Something sitting alone in a field… something broken… something forgotten. Try finding this object on google and you’ll have a very hard time. I found only one brief mention of it, and in that, the admission that nothing was known of it.

It looks like a chapel, but it’s described in that one online mention as a waterhouse. The water running to and from it is no doubt a factor in that.


Image #1


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The main object… the subject… is the abandoned building sitting in an overgrown and untended field. It’s overlooked by a partly wooded hill.

The overall image, when not looking at the details is split into three horizontal bands of colour, gold, green and blue.

I like how the base of the (missing) roof fits exactly level with the border between the green and gold coloured bands. This was unintentional, and at the time, unnoticed.

The tidy(ish) lines of the composition are broken up on the left by the presence of a bush, in the field.

Overall, this is a fairly unspectacular image, but it’s purpose is to set the scene. Here is a building in the middle of nowhere. It’s not easy to get to. It’s purpose appears as forgotten as the building itself.


Image #2


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The near ground and middle distance are a mix of green and gold, fading into entirely gold towards the outer edge of the field. This is bordered by wooded hills.

I would prefer the image if the building were at an angle that faces us slightly more.

This photo does though give an inkling of just how difficult the building is to reach. A good deal of the ‘green’ is stinging nettles. To say I suffered to take these shots is an understatement.


Image #3


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A closeup of the front of the building. You can see the hillside behind, through the arch, and a deep blue sky. It was evening, just approaching ‘the golden hour’.

I’m very puzzled by this building. At a glance, it appears very old, with what looks like two Norman arches… though the size suggests a chapel. The interior, though, is made of brick, with some ironwork. So is this a repurposing of an old building for a more modern purpose, or is the exterior merely a facade, to disguise the actual purpose?

And what is that circular feature at the top? Many chapels feature a window in this position, but this is clearly not a window. Was it a dummy window? Or maybe a clock?


Image #4


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The middle ground shows the ruined building, giving a view of the stone exterior, and the brick interior. In the near ground, is a stone… something… on the ground. It looks like an old grave, or crypt, but looking inside… there may be some old pipework… it’s hard to tell, as there’s not much light. What there is… is water. Quite a lot of water… flowing.

Even closer to the camera are nettles and long, dry/dead, grasses.


Image #5


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Much the same as Image #4, but horizontally oriented. You can see the hillside in the distance on the left, but I find I’m not as pleased with this image as I initially was, feeling that the building would be better positioned to the left of the frame, instead of the right.


Image #6


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And all of a sudden, we hit ‘the golden hour’. I had thought I was already in it… but as soon as I looked at this image after taking it, I realised I had been mistaken. I was surprised at how suddenly everything looked so different.

I was aiming for an interesting juxtaposition, between the bush and the building. With the changed light, the grass stands out more than the bush, and the result is kind of wild. Somehow, this feels more like Africa than Nottinghamshire.


Image #7 – Selected


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This is my selected image.

A combination of the light fading on the hillside, the golden glow on the collapsing building… and the bush in the near ground partially obscuring the whole scene… it suggests depth and a hidden story… something you have to work hard to reach, and perceive.

This image reminds me a great deal of one I took many years ago, of a ruined Norman Church in a now lost village called Stanton Low, in Milton Keynes. It strikes many chords in me, for many different reasons.


Reflection following Exercise 4.5

Not so much a learning process, as a re-examination of things I already believed.

The verticals don’t have to be vertical. The subject doesn’t have to be in focus, or even the main focal point of the image. You don’t have to fit everything in… often, it’s better if you don’t.  The subject/object can be viewed in a non-typical context. It doesn’t have to be pretty. Details matter… or don’t… and imperfections can be perfect.

Sometimes it’s as much about what it feels like as what it looks like.

Looks horrible, but you still like it? Sounds good to me.

Exercise 4.5 – Chairs

A quick google search of ‘chairs’ produced mostly sales photos with plain backgrounds. This one was at least pleasing to look at.


Figure 1. Cotswold Country Interiors (2017)

My own images are somewhat different, and contrary to what the coursework asks for, I can’t narrow my selection down to one image.

Rather than be influenced by the works and styles of other photographers, given that this exercise is intended to demonstrate creativity, I’ve chosen to demonstrate my creativity.

These images represent the world I live in (literally), and the way I see it. They aren’t staged. What I’ve not done is try to make things look pretty. There is chaos, and abandonment and decay. I love these things, and see beauty  in them.


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… stepping away from that particular reality



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Lets move indoors…



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Figure 1. Cotswold Country Interiors. (2017) Chairs [Advertisement] AT http://www.cotswoldco.com/dining-room-furniture/dining-chairs/light-oak-grey-linen-dining-chair/?gclid=Cj0KEQjw5YfHBRDzjNnioYq3_swBEiQArj4pdGsLBmcRKMJLcwbV_uuSxEd1p3IRa4u9zo0NI3hXdm8aAsgz8P8HAQ (Accessed 03/04/2017)


Reflection following Exercise 4.4

I have no special studio equipment or lights, and so was using what I had to hand. (I have ordered some cheap gear from a chinese company who I do a little promotional work for, but it hasn’t arrived yet). As such, my light sources were weak and unable to cast significant light from any distance. This being the case, I was unable to see the effect, on shadows, of moving the lamps further away.

Nevertheless, I was able to see how the positioning and use of multiple light sources has a dramatic effect on the look of an object.

I have concluded that a light source directly in front of the object doesn’t look good at all, while having the light from one side balance out the light from the opposite side doesn’t look much better.

Two light sources, one stronger than the other, from different angles, seems to produce the most interesting images. In this way, it’s possible to create a sense of balanced depth. There are shadows, but they aren’t overstated.

My attempt to alter the colour of the light was largely ineffectual, but it did alter the atmosphere very slightly.  I’m sure proper colour gels on proper studio lighting could be very useful.

Exercise 4.4 – Studio Lighting

Examining the effects of controlled lighting.

There were two or three light sources in these images.

1: A Window on the right, about 10 feet away, with curtains either open or closed.

2: A small directional halogen lamp.

3: A battery powered bulb producing weak, non-directional, light.

Image 1

This image was taken as a reference shot, using just ambient light coming in through the window on the right. It’s blurred as I pressed the shutter manually and jogged the camera slightly. Doh!

The image is dull and unexceptional.



Image 2

Shot with light coming from the window on the right, and a small halogen lamp just out of shot, to the left.

The light from the lamp on the left combined with the ambient light coming from the right produces quite a flat looking image.



Image 3

Shot with ambient light from the window on the right, and a small halogen lamp pointing directly towards the pineapple, from the front.

The resulting image looks quite wrong, to my eyes. The lamp is set quite low, and to my mind, the pineapple just needs a set of fangs and a cape to complete the effect.



Image 4

Shot with ambient light from the window on the right, and a small halogen lamp just out of shot, to the right of the pineapple.

Strong shadows on the left of the pineapple.  High contrast. Not displeasing, but a little overstated.



Image 5

As the previous shot, but with the addition of a small battery powered bulb, in front and to the left of the pineapple.

I like this. There aren’t particularly strong shadows, but it isn’t flat and lifeless either.



Image 6

As the previous image, but with a green carrier bag over the halogen lamp.

Apart from making the shot slightly darker, the green bag didn’t have much effect on the pineapple. The tone of the background is slightly altered though. It looks like a nice warm evening. (It was around 10am).



Image 7

The curtains are now closed. There is a small halogen lamp covered with a green carrier bag just to the right of the pineapple.

As with the shot where the curtains were open (#4), this is a high contrast image with strong shadows. It seems slightly sharper, but not greatly different.



Image 8

The curtains are closed. The lamp with green bag are behind and to the right, while the battery powered bulb is behind and to the left.

I find this a very interesting image. With light to the rear, and the front of the pineapple in shadow, there’s a real feeling of depth.



Image 9

The curtains are open. The lamp in a green bag is to the right and slightly behind, while the bulb is to the right and slightly in front of the pineapple.

High contrast, with strong shadows.



Image 10

The curtains are open. The lamp in green bag is to the right and slightly behind the pineapple. The bulb is to the left and slightly behind the pineapple.  The shot was deliberately overexposed and then contrast and vibrance were boosted in post.

I was just messing around to see if I could achieve a ‘high key’ effect.  I may have overdone it.